Level Two Fundations Overview
Our FUNdations/spelling program focuses on rules that most words follow, aligning with different types of syllables...it is designed to teach the students to apply these rules/skills in their reading & spelling, NOT memorizing a list of words. The only words that need to be studied are “Trick Words”-these words do not follow the rules & must be memorized. We spend the first several weeks reviewing trick words that should have been memorized in first grade before introducing new “trick words”. Here is a basic outline of the concepts that we will be learning. For more practice at home, check out the resources at https://www.spellingcity.com/MadisonGrade2/
Unit 1 (two weeks)-reviewing Level 1 “trick words” & digraphs (wh, ch, sh, th, ck), blends, digraph blends, options for spelling of /k/ & /w/ sound, closed syllable (one vowel “closed in” by one or more consonants & always short. Sample words: quilt, elf, shred, kick, crush
Unit 2 (two weeks)-reviewing Level 1 “trick words” & bonus letters-at the end of a one syllable word if the word has one vowel, followed immediately by an f, l, or s you need to double that consonant (ff, ll, ss); glued sounds (all, am, an, ang, ank, ing, ink, ong, onk, ung, unk) Sample words: spill, string, stand, toss
Unit 3 (one week)-teaching closed syllable exceptions (-ild, -ind, -old, -ost)
Sample words: wild, find, cold, colt, post
Trick Words: done, goes, pretty
Unit 4 (two weeks)- reviewing suffixes (-s, -es, -ed, -ing) ; teaching new sounds for -ed (/d/ & /t) & introducing -est & -er; categorizing suffixes as vowel suffixes or consonant suffixes and teaching the procedure for isolating base word before adding suffixes.
Sample words: stronger, tallest, spilled, passed
Trick words: again, please, animal / sure, use, used
Unit 5 (two weeks)-intro to multisyllabic words; compound words; suffixes (-able, -ment, -ful, -ness, -less, -en, -ish)
Sample words: catnip, habit, tonic, mascot, hundred, freshen, boldness
Trick Words: against, knew, know / always, often, once
Unit 6 (two weeks)-vowel-consonant-e syllable, vowel-consonant-e exception (ive); suffix (-ive); spelling option procedure for /z/ & /s/.
Sample words: hope, confuse, reptile, olive, inventive, rose
Trick words: only house, move / right, place, together
Unit 7 (three weeks) open syllable; y as a vowel; suffixes (-y, -ly, -ty)
Sample Words: no, music, relate, cry, baby, chilly
Trick Words: eight, large, change / city, every, family / night, carry, something
Unit 8 (one week) r-controlled syllable (ar and or) and spelling rules for those sounds.
Sample Words: fort, part, orbit, party
Trick Words: world, answer, different
Unit 9 (two weeks)- r-controlled syllable (er, ir, and ur) and spelling rules for those sounds.
Sample Words: burst, termite, dirty
Trick Words: picture, learn, earth / father, brother, mother
Unit 10 (two weeks)- double vowel syllable (ai and ay) and spelling rules for those sounds; homophones.
Sample Words: paint, display, train, spray, main, mane
Trick Words: great, country, away / America, school, thought
Unit 11 (two weeks) -double vowel syllable (ee, ea, and ey) and spelling rules for those sounds.
Sample Words: cheap, keep, chimney
Trick Words: chose, won, son / breakfast, head, ready
Unit 12 (one week)-double vowel syllables (oi and oy) and spelling rules for those sounds.
Sample Words: moist, toys, paperboy
Trick Words: favorite, early, ocean
Unit 13 (two weeks) - double vowel syllables (oa, oe, and ow) and the spelling rules for those sounds.
Sample Words: road, doe, grown
Trick Words: Monday, Tuesday, cousin / lose, tomorrow, beautiful
Unit 14 (two weeks)-double vowel syllables (ou and ow) and the spelling rules for those sounds.
Sample Words: loud, drown, plow
Trick Words: Wednesday, Thursday, Saturday / bought, brought, piece
Unit 15 (two weeks) -double vowel syllables (oo, ou, ue, and ew) and the spelling rules for those sounds.
Sample Words: spoon, soup, overdue, blew, argue, shook
Trick Words: January, February, July / enough, special, December
Unit 16 (one week) -double vowel syllables (au and aw) and spelling options for those sounds.
Sample Words: claw, aunt
Trick Words: August, laugh, daughter
Unit 17 (two weeks) -consonant-le syllable.
Sample Words: gobble, tumble, noble
Trick Words: trouble, couple, young